Industrial Livestock Farming and Sustainability


Over the years, food insecurity has been considered a national crisis in some parts of the world, most importantly developing countries. A report compiled by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation, FAO (2008), reveals that close to a billion people on a global level have been affected by this issue. In order to solve the problem, livestock diet has been considered as a major solution for alleviating hunger since multitudes of people depend on meat, milk and eggs for food. On a perspective of ecological sustainability, meat and dairy products consumption has attracted heated food debates, drawing various opinions to the subject matter (Fairlie & McWlliams, 2015). In this study, an in-depth analysis has been conducted to examine inefficiencies of industrial livestock farming in food production and its impact on the environment.

Inefficiency of Industrial Livestock Farming in Food Production

According to FAO (2008) reports, animal product consumption is likely to go up in the coming years as the demand for animal products increases. The result will be a drop down to food production especially farm produces, as livestock depend on this very supply for food which is also suitable for human use (FAO, 2008). According to modern researches; depletion of food sources for the sake of production of meat and dairy products is a major cause of hunger problems (Ranganathan et al., 2016). In other words, there’s a stiff competition between people and livestock for farm produce.

Additionally, most countries would rather produce more animal feed than human farmland food. In this case, significant attention has been given to meat and dairy products consumption. United States provides a good example of the case; more acres of land have been set aside for animal feed production and 13 times less the amount set aside for vegetable growing. In the long run, food production of farmland produce is likely to decrease with the increase in population. To provide a solution to the food issue, a reduction in meat consumption and an increase in the size of land for food crop production should be considered (Ranganathan et al., 2016).

The Impact of Livestock Industry on the Environment

              As it is, the world is addressing numerous predicaments which owe their subsistence to meat and dairy industry. With all sorts of global concerns: global warming, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, grassland damages, and any other factor that questions sustainability of  meat and dairy industry; it is logical to think that excessive consumption of  meat and dairy products may be unsustainable (Dagevos  & Voordouw, 2013). The following factors illustrate some of the unconstructive sides of industrial livestock farming affecting the environment:

Global warming; United Nation’s attempts to  alleviate global warming issues by moderating greenhouse gases is facing immense challenges as the number of  livestock increases by the day. Livestock industry hugely contributes to global warming since they account for nearly 18% of greenhouse gases emission, which includes carbon dioxide (Dagevos  & Voordouw, 2013).

Deforestation; meat consumption has been given much attention worldwide to the extent that huge percentages of trees have been cut down to clear land for livestock pasture. Deforestation permanently destroys forested land and all the benefits which were to be generated (Dagevos  & Voordouw, 2013).

Loss of Biodiversity; animal agriculture requires significantly huge amount of pasture; hence the need to keep huge acres of grassland. Due to monoculture, grasslands suffer the implication of reduced fertility leading loss of biodiversity (Dagevos  & Voordouw, 2013).

Soil Erosion; overgrazing is a common problem in animal agriculture; an issue that has rendered most grazing land badlands. Loss of biodiversity is not the only factor that threatens sustainable performance of the environment; there is also the issue of soil erosion due to overgrazing.  In reference to a study conducted by Lean (2006), over 50% of grazing land in the United States has been affected by soil erosion because of overgrazing. Repairing degraded soil is quite costly; long periods of time and money must be surrendered to ensure that soil fertility is regained.

Pollution Due to Waste Disposal; For Lean (2006), livestock industry account for huge number of wastes obtained form cattle, chickens, pigs and other domesticated animals. In one way or another, these wastes may end up in rivers causing water pollution and at the same time killing water creatures.

Sustainable Creation and Future Food Production

With the current global population and livestock products’ consumption, it will be hard for people to put a stop to the consumption of livestock products. The possible solution to a more sustainable future with regards to food production starts with analyzing the inefficiency of industrial livestock farming in food production and its impact on the environment. For Simon Fairlie, the editor of land magazine and author of meat, the possible reduction of meat consumption by 50 percent globally, is sustainable. Less meat consumption will not only address health-related and moral issue, but will also ensure that a sustainable food future is created. Any approach is likely to limit excessive consumption of meat and dairy products; whether application of moral strictures or ritual taboos (Fairlie & McWlliams, 2015).


            Industrial livestock farming is hardly sustainable as far as environmental issues and food production inefficiencies are concerned. With the rising population and food insecurities, the possibility of people completely avoiding meat consumption is close to zero. Regardless, a reduction in the consumption of meat and dairy product is likely to benefit the entire human race and the environment. Less meat and dairy product consumption means environment conservation and reduced effects of global warming, soil erosion, deforestation, and water pollution.





















Dagevos, H., & Voordouw, J. (2013). Sustainability and meat consumption: is reduction realistic?. Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy, 9(2), 60-69.

Fairlie, S & McWlliams, J. (2015). Can Eating Meat and Dairy Products Be Sustainable? New Internationalist Organization. Retrieved January 30, 2018 from

FAO. (2008). The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved January 30, 2018 from

Lean, G. (2006). Cow’s Emission’ More Damaging to Planet than from Cars. Independent Magazine. Retrieved January 30 2018 from

Ranganathan, J., Vennard, D., Waite, R. I. C. H. A. R. D., Dumas, P., Lipinski, B., & Searchinger, T. (2016). Shifting diets for a sustainable food future. World Resources Institute: Washington, DC, USA.

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Quality Decision Making: Cost-Benefit Analysis


             Plowman (2014) defines Cost-Benefit Analysis as a structured method that is used for identifying alternative solutions to a specific problem; determining the costs and benefits for every alternative, as well as defining the required criteria for decision making, and selection of best possible alternative. Put in the other way round, Cost-benefit analysis is also referred to as a systematic approach for estimating both of short and long term impacts. Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is also useful in measuring all possible costs and all the available profits and any other benefit that may be accrued from a given proposed project in the organization. In any organization where there are some revenues that are being generated as a result of some projects. For instance, cost-benefit analysis can be applied in the health care facility that offers healthcare services to people with different medical condition. This paper will be looking into cost-benefit analysis of a project that would ensure that patient safety is guaranteed.

Project in the Healthcare Facility Geared Towards Patient Safety

            Despite many changes that are currently taking place in the health care organizations around the world, healthcare is still regarded as one of the critical and major services that are being funded greatly by the taxes from the citizens in different countries in the world. As a result, the decisions regarding the allocation of capital and expenditure of the revenues that have been generated within the systems of the healthcare are made based on the cost-benefit analysis. Cost-benefit analysis is a technique that provides the most powerful assistance to the public health sector when it comes to decision-making. Youngberg (2011) points out that the provision of healthcare has been continuously becoming quite complex, the dependence on systems that are effective in the prevention of the risks that might occur. Due to the overcrowding of health care facilities, there have been increased cases of acquired infections, which are commonly being referred to as the hospital acquired infections (HAI). The major safety concern for many people who are in charge of health facility institutions like the hospitals are struggling with the issue acquired infections. It is important to remember that this is not only a major concern to the managers and physicians in the hospital, but also to the health care providers and even to the patients themselves. Due to the increased mortality, increased length of stay at the hospital and the cost, and morbidity; efforts should be made to make these hospitals as safe as possible to find away for preventing those infections. As a result of many cases of acquired infections in hospital, there have been guidelines that have been developed to help health care personnel who are involved with taking care of the patients in different wards within the hospital. One of the recommendations that have been put in place to ensure patients’ safety is by having isolated rooms where patients with communicable diseases to be kept. There have been proposals for the construction of isolation rooms in different hospitals (Lobdell, Stamou & Sanchez, 2012).

However, before any step is taken, it is advisable that there should be an assessment of the need for isolation. Thereafter, there should be screening of all patients in the intensive care unit with the following conditions; skin rashes, communicable diseases that are known, diarrhea, neutropenia and immunological disorder, and those patients who are known to be carriers of an epidemic strain of bacterium. The next step that should be taken as far as construction of isolation rooms in the hospitals is the identification of the type of isolation rooms that are needed. Youngberg (2011) points out that there are two types of isolation in the intensive care unit, and they include: an isolation room for protection of neutropenic or patients who are immune-compromised so as to minimize the chances of acquiring opportunistic infections, and also the source isolation of colonized or patients that have been infected so as to minimize possibility of transmitting the disease to the other patients or staffs within the hospital. Therefore, it is important to remember that before the isolation rooms are constructed, it is important for the management to ensure that there is a proper cost-benefit analysis of the project.

Cost-Benefit Analysis for the Construction of the Isolation Rooms in Hospitals

When constructing an isolation room within the hospital facility, the management should compare the costs and benefits that would accrue to the hospital as a result of these preventive measures. When it comes to analyzing both of the costs for constructing isolation rooms within the hospital and the benefit that would be accrued to the hospital; one should do it from both of the qualitative and quantitative point of view. To begin with, it is important to remember that construction of the isolation rooms with the hospital would require more space. This might be costly as it will require more maintenance, housekeeping, and plant operation costs. It has also been projected that the productivity of the doctors and nurses would also reduce significantly, as they would have to walk longer distances or better still would have to travel for a long distance between the floors and therefore the cost for providing healthcare services would also increase. However, Youngberg (2011) points out that these private rooms in the hospital do provide important benefits as compared to the semi-private rooms. All in all, the patients with communicable disease and other conditions that might be acquired from them in a private room. The patients would feel more comfortable in these rooms as there would be no one disturbing them. one reason that makes the patients to prefer a private room because they would get an opportunity for the patients to do their things freely without any form of hindrance. The other benefit that would come with the isolation of patients to prevent hospital acquired infections is that the patients will be provided with quality services. These isolated rooms would also save the patients from many disruptions from the staffs and fellow patients. It has also been pointed out that these isolated rooms within the hospital would enhance delivery of healthcare services in these hospitals from medical practitioners and as a result would decrease the clinical mistakes. It is also easier for the family members to stay with their patient without many disruptions (Plowman, 2014).

Quantitative Costs

            Other than qualitative cost benefit analysis of having an isolation room within the hospital for those patients with conditions that can be communicated to other patients within the hospital, there is also quantitative analysis of the same. Quantitative analysis will provide cost-benefit analysis of the having a private or an isolation room. some of the costs that would be analyzed include incremental costs and other benefits that would be generated from the construction of an isolation or private room within a hospital for patients with conditions that may lead to the hospital acquired infections. Some of the costs that should be considered include the cost of land, cost of construction, maintenance cost, increased physician and nursing costs, and also operating and housekeeping costs. However, there are some benefits that would be generated through the construction of a private or isolation room for the patients with special conditions. Benefits from the patients are estimated on the basis of patients’ willingness and ability to pay for these extra services that they are being provided with. Most of the architects have always estimated the useful life of the hospital to be around forty years, even though the hospitals can be used for periods longer than that time. It has been assumed that the newly constructed hospital can last for 50 years. The total cost for having isolation rooms within a hospital has been estimated to be at $227,857. This cost includes all the costs that had been included above. The benefits that would be generated to the hospital have been estimated at $298,565, which is mostly as a result of the patients have shown their willingness to pay for these services. Therefore, it can be concluded that the benefits that will be generated from the construction of an isolation room would be more than the cost for constructing the isolation rooms within the hospital that would guarantee the safety of patients while in hospital (Plowman, 2014).































Lobdell, K. W., Stamou, S., & Sanchez, J. A. (2012). Hospital-acquired infections. Surgical Clinics, 92(1), 65-77.

Plowman, N. (2014). Writing a cost benefit analysis. Retrieved January 29, 2018, from

Youngberg, B. J. (2011). Creating Systemic Mindfulness: Anticipating, Assessing, And Reducing Risks Of Health Care. Principles of Risk Management and Patient Safety, 293.


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Blue Cloud Company


Maintaining a constant flow of quality products requires proper planning and collaboration between the team working on the products. The quality of products is usually based on the satisfaction that is gained by the customers from the products.  This means customers are a pertinent part of the entire development of new products and maintenance of the value of the products. Organizations should center on ensuring that customers get value for their money.  The organization should involve the customers, employees and other parties in the decision-making process to continue offering quality products to the market,

This paper examines the strategies that were expounded by Agile on the development of new software for the Company.

Blue Cloud gets Agile

The focus of the Blue Cloud Company is to provide customers with quality products on a timely basis. This is a goal that requires good planning and collaborating with different parties such as staffs and customers. Collaborating with staffs and customers can help to identify the right approach to addressing the problem as well as ensure a good relationship between the organization and its stakeholders. The management has a higher role to play because they should exercise effective leadership in addition to acting as an example to be emulated by the other parties.

One of the strategies that the company targets to provide quality products to the customers is by establishing a strong corporate culture. According to Eccles, Ioannou & Serafeim (2012), the corporate culture influence how staffs interact with other people, and the external environment. With right organizational culture, staffs can work together to achieve the vision and mission of the organization. In the developing quality software tools, the organization should focus working with its staffs and other parties to establish a lasting relationship. In this respect, the organizations should establish communication channels to help in building a good relationship with the members of the public.

Rather than focusing on winning contracts, the cloud company should focus on collaborating with the customers. This can be achieved by developing a lasting relationship through constant communication with the customers. Establishing a lasting relationship is based on open and honest communication through various channels in the organization. The customers can adopt the modern communication platforms such as internet and social media to keep the customers updated with the current progress in the organization (Eccles, Ioannou & Serafeim, 2012). Creating good communication platforms helps customers to reach the organization easily, raise their idea and feedback about the various products. This also helps to promote customer loyalty because they feel valued by the organization. Good communication helps to create a connection between the different parties involved.

Good leadership

            The decision-making process in an organization is strongly influenced by the kind of leadership exhibited by the management. Effective leadership should focus on involving other parties in the decision-making process. The management should embrace a leadership style that gives other members of staff an opportunity to take part in the decision-making process. Democratic leadership style is one of the best leadership styles that are characterized by promoting autonomy in the organization. Democratic leadership style empowers the employees to exercise their ideas in the improvement of the software tools in the organization (Bhatti et al., 2012). The management should establish a training program to equip employees with skills to improve the value of the software tools. Training gives the employees with the opportunity to enhance their skills and learn more about on how to improve their performance of the organization (Bhatti et al., 2012). Apart from improving quality, establishing training opportunity for employees is also an employee motivation strategy.

Customer satisfaction strategy

Organizations are tasked with ensuring that customers are satisfied with the products offered to attract not only more customers but also ensure a high level of loyalty. In the case of the cloud company, ensuring a high level of customers’ satisfaction can be achieved by providing them quality products which portrays the values for their money. Customers should also feel valued by the organization because it influences them to continue investing in the products (Rahman, 2014). This can be achieved by establishing a strong customer care service to work in addressing various problems facing the customer in the organization.

Technical excellence

            The cloud company can promote high performance in the organization by focusing on technical excellence to promote the quality of products. In fostering technical excellence, the cloud company can start by establishing a training opportunity for the employees. Training of employees gives them a chance to enhance their skills in addition to promoting a good relationship. The cloud company should ensure that people and software developers are working together to achieve the common goal of addressing the desired values by the customers. A collaborative approach is effective because it creates extensive information and a pool of ideas for promoting the vision and the mission of the organization.

Employee motivations

The motivation of employees is an important aspect of ensuring that high performance. When the employees are highly motivated, it helps to promote performance in the organization. There are various methods that organizations can use to increase the morale of the employees including raising compensation, establishing autonomy, involving the employees in the decision-making process and creating the workplace to be more favorable. According to two-factor theory, employees can be motivated by motivators or hygiene factors. The motivator includes factors such as recognition, challenging workplace, creating a learning opportunity for the employees. On the other hand, hygiene factors such as job security, salary, promotion, and vacations for the employees (Sanjeev & Surya, 2016). In this regard, the cloud company should provide its employees with an opportunity to learn on how to improve the quality of software tools.


            Establishing a good relationship between the organization and the stakeholder helps to ensure that the decisions made meet the desires of the clients. Understanding the wishes of the customers is important for identifying the right quality of products. The focus should be on examining the technical excellence of employees in order to help them in creating valuable software tools. The company should continuously engage the customers when establishing new products in order to ensure that their desires are met. The organization should establish a powerful corporate culture through effective communication and good leadership to promote collaboration with the stakeholders. Additionally, creating a learning opportunity for employees combined with other motivation strategies can help promote their participation in the performance of the organization.






Bhatti, N., Maitlo, G. M., Shaikh, N., Hashmi, M. A., & Shaikh, F. M. (2012). The impact of autocratic and democratic leadership style on job satisfaction. International Business Research5(2), 192.

Eccles, R. G., Ioannou, I., & Serafeim, G. (2012). The impact of a corporate culture of sustainability on corporate behavior and performance. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from

Rahman, M. H. (2014). Factors aFFecting customer satisfaction in mobile telecommunication industry in bangladesh. Business, Management and Education12(1), 74.

Sanjeev, M. A., & Surya, A. V. (2016). Two factor theory of motivation and satisfaction: An empirical verification. Annals of Data Scienc

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Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Target Population: Hispanics

Hispanic population has a high incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than the general population (Balfour et al 2016). Moreover, significant health inequalities exist in this high risk group. While cardiovascular disease is the main cause of mortality among Hispanics after cancer, its overall mortality prevalence rates are often lower compared to non-Hispanic whites (Balfour et al 2016). This finding supports a need for deeper understanding of cardiovascular diseases among Hispanics in order to improve intervention efforts.

Hispanics or Latinos are the largest and fastest minority group in the United States and experiences considerable disparities in the cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment (Rodriguez et al 2014). Yet they grapple daily to survive, provide for the families and to lead healthy lives. While recent health promotion and disease strategies have enhanced the health of most American citizens, Hispanics has received less benefit from these interventions. An evaluation of the Initiative to Eliminate Ethnic Disparities in Health reveals that Hispanics have poor outcomes in cardiovascular diseases compared to the general population. The health disparities faced by majority of Latinos are due to several and complicated interrelated factors. Poverty is one of them. Abject poverty puts Latinos in danger for numerous adverse social determinants of health, such as low educational levels, living in unsafe neighborhoods, poor housing, working dangerous occupations and limited access to care. Other causes of health disabilities are due to limited cultural competence for pertinent health education, jobs and income.

Strategy: Community-Based Education Program Combined with Mass media campaign


The aim of this program is to increase awareness and knowledge of the community regarding CVD, its risk factors and symptoms.

Contents of the Educational Strategy

  • The program will establish workgroup to help with developing messages, concepts and images that are culturally appropriate
  • Community members will be recruited and involved in carrying out community needs assessment
  • Recruitment and training of community volunteers who will be used to model desirable behavior
  • Educational sessions will consist of 8 sessions, each lasting for 2 hours over the course of one month. The sessions will be held on Saturdays and Sundays only to reduce work conflicts. Educational sessions to be conducted in small focus groups
  • Curriculum materials will be printed in English and Spanish
  • Issuance of written educational materials to participants and community as a whole
  • Participants to give personal stories and testimonies of basic lifestyle changes
  • Use of media campaign to spread the message
  • Activities -screening for cardiovascular disease and risk factors during the first session
  • Screening for knowledge of CVD during the last session
  • Moderate physical activity

Part II

Why I chose this Educational Strategy

This strategy is culturally relevant in promoting cardiovascular health and educating the community about the importance of reducing risk factors associated with CVD.  Community involvement is the key aspect in planning and implementing the program. This program is appropriate for increasing awareness and knowledge of the community about cardiovascular diseases, its risk factors and symptoms. It is culturally appropriate and has the ability to reach large number of people in the community. The use of community leaders and volunteers gives the program credibility and thus increases chances of success.

Cultural Barriers to Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Cultural influence on the perception of cardiovascular disease is the main barrier to this disease prevention. Hispanics are religious people and tend to perceive a link between spiritual health, mind and body. Fatalism is a consequence of spirituality. Fatalism about cardiovascular diseases which is a belief that there nothing one can do to change the situation. Fatalistic beliefs are associated with negative outcomes. In Hispanic culture, personalismo refers to formal friendliness. One aspect of this concept is respeto, which has an important influence on parenting practices (Calzada, Fernandez, & Cortes, 2010). Hispanics tend to see individualism and autonomy within western culture as contrasting with Hispanic cultural values if generational deference and respect. Individuals cannot make important decisions without consulting and seeking approval of family members.

Lack of education and awareness about the symptoms and risks of cardiovascular disease also compromise disease prevention. Hispanics tend to have lower health literacy and this limits their ability to receive, understand and use health information with the aim of lowering their health risks, making informed choices and exerting great decision making about health.

Language discordance is another barrier in disease prevention. Limited proficiency in English language is a major obstacle that Hispanic patients often face in accessing care. Linguistic barriers include inability of Hispanic patients not to understand their health provider or inability to ask questions during hospital visits.

Use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) among Hispanics is common due to its accessibility, affordability and familiarity. Some CAM does interact with conventional treatments and this may put individuals at greater risk or adverse reaction (Calzada et al 2010)

How this Education Strategy Can Overcome these Barriers

This program enlists the support of community leaders and observes respect for cultural beliefs of the community. The program tends to recruit and involve community volunteers in conducting community needs assessment and this would give the program credibility. The use of respected community volunteers to model desired behavior and the inclusion of friends and family as respected sources would make the program culturally appropriate and thus acceptable. The use of volunteers and community leaders to spread the messages in churches, media and other social gathering could achieve coverage and make people change their lifestyle.

Evaluate how Disease Prevention Health Promotion impact Health Outcomes

            If used efficiently, health promotion and disease prevention will result in positive outcomes. There is a growing acceptance that social wellbeing and health are influenced by numerous variables outside the health system. These factors may include consumption patterns associated with communication and food, learning environment, socioeconomic conditions, family patterns, economic and socio-political changes, the cultural fabric of society and environmental change (Kumar & Preetha, 2012). A situation such as this necessitates health problems to be addressed by embracing a holistic approach in which communities and individuals are empowered to take control and action for their own health. It is time to build and prioritize health promotion and disease prevention into policies. Programs across global, national and local levels that have been implemented to decrease health disparities have had positive impacts.

CVDs are not preventable through the use of the medical model and its time to replace it with lifestyle changes. The prevalence and existence of health and health inequalities has widened with accompanying studies indicating that ethnic minority groups are disproportionately impacted leading to poor health outcomes.



















Balfour, P. C. et al. (2016).Cardiovascular Disease in Hispanics/Latinos in the United States. Journal Latino Psychology, 4(2): 98–113.

Calzada E. J., Fernandez, Y., & Cortes, D.E. (2010). Incorporating the cultural value of

respeto into a framework of Latino parenting. Cultural Diversity Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16:77–86.

Kumar, S. & Preetha, G. (2012). Health Promotion: An Effective Tool for Global Health. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 37(1): 5–12.

Rodriguez, C. et al (2014). Status of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke in Hispanics/Latinos

in the United States. Circulation, 130(7): 593–625.

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The Christian Life

Write a 10–15-page theological, exegetical research paper on 1 of the following topics in

• The Christian Life: According to Romans 8, the Spirit is integral to our sanctification.

What does Paul teach about the relationship between the indwelling Spirit and Christian

obedience (or sanctification)? Consider Paul’s teaching regarding the two regimes, the

offering of our bodies to God, and the transformation of the believer (Rom 6, 7, and 12). In

consideration of Paul’s teaching in Romans about the living the Christian life, include the

following sections using appropriate subheadings according to Turabian:
o Definition – how is the term sanctification defined by scholars? What is your own definition

based on your research?
o Basis – what is sanctification based or grounded on, that is, what is necessary to have

happened or to be true in order for sanctification to be possible?
o Means – How does one obtain sanctification? What is the means by which one is sanctified?
o Time factors – Is sanctification an instantaneous act or a gradual process?
o Results/fruits – Once one is sanctified/begins the process of sanctification, what benefits

or results follow?
o Assurance – How can one be assured of sanctification? How can one have assurance that he or

she is sanctified/being sanctified?
Only the words in bold (above) should appear as the subheadings. Be sure to thoroughly analyze

what the apostle Paul teaches in his letter to the Romans about the subheadings and questions

listed above. This paper must be based on theological and exegetical research.
Criteria Points Possible Points Earned
Bibliography consists of at least 12 scholarly, research-oriented sources that are directly

related to the thesis. 0 to 20 points
Bibliography is formatted according to the current edition of the Turabian Manual for writers.

0 to 10 points


Make sure that this is in Chicago Turbine Style.

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parental substance use and how it influences child maltreatment and abuse in New York community and interventions

© 2015 Laureate Education, Inc.
A s
tatement of the problem
purpose of
proposed intervention
Section II:
Annotated Bibliography (2

3 pages)
In this section, you will
include the following elements
ibliography that includes the following:
Sources: Six to eight recent (less than 3 years old) primary peer

research articles that suppor
t the topic of your paper.
Beyond the
minimum primary research articles
directly relate
to your identified
topic, you may add additional, high

quality secondary literature (reviews or

ou may use websites if
they come
from a scholarly
relevant source (e.g., CDC, NCHS). Your sources must follow APA
Annotation: For each research article, include a brief description of the
study aim, the methods used, and the major findings. For each non

research source, provide a concise
description of the relevant key points
addressed in the source. Include in the annotation a brief description of
how you plan to use each source (e.g.,
provide statistics for the
his Annotated Bibliography will be used in your
Education and Promotion
(HLTH 6800) to develop a full literature review
so please select
references wisely.
Section III: Methodology (2

3 pages)
In this section
will includ
e the g
eneral goals of
. In your
cation and Promotion
(HTLH 6800)
will be
revised as SMART objectives.
In the present project, t
his section
will include
following components:
mplementation plan
consisting of
the following elements
ption of the data based on a needs assessment
n e
xplanation of the proposed
health education program
based on the research, suggested data sources, and annotated
rief outline of the proposed
health education program
A b
rief explanation of
at least three
key community stakeholders and
why you
selected them


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Case Study: Blue Cloud gets Agile

All case studies should include an introductory and concluding paragraph, as well as headings.

Use the below information and questions to create case study:

After attending a conference on a new methodology for software development known as Agile,

Shel Skinner, CEO of Blue Cloud Development, a small software development company located in

Mountain View, California, hired consultants to introduce the methodology. At its core, Agile

emphasized multiple iterations and short time frames. Created by a group of software

developers, the Agile Manifesto (2001) declared: We are uncovering better ways of developing

software by doing it and helping others do it. Through this work we have come to value: •

Individuals and interactions over processes and tools • Working software over comprehensive

documentation • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation • Responding to change over

following a plan That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items

on the left more In addition, Agile held 12 principles: 1. Our highest priority is to satisfy

the customer through early and continu- ous delivery of valuable software. 2. Welcome changing

requirements, even late in development. Agile pro- cesses harness change for the customer’s

competitive advantage. 3. Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a

couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale. 4. Business people and

developers must work together daily throughout the project. 5. Build projects around motivated

individuals. Give them the environment and support they need, and trust them to get the job

done. 6. The most efficient and effective method of conveying information to and within a

development team is face?to?face conversation. 7. Working software is the primary measure of

progress. 8. Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, develop- ers, and

users should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely. 9. Continuous attention to

technical excellence and good design enhances agility.


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Practicum Experience – SOAP Note and Journal

After completing this week’s Practicum Experience, select a patient that you examined during the last 3 weeks. With this patient in mind, address the following in a SOAP Note:

Subjective: What details did the patient provide regarding his or her personal and medical history?
Objective: What observations did you make during the physical assessment?
Assessment: What were your differential diagnoses? Provide a minimum of three possible diagnoses. List them from highest priority to lowest priority. What was your primary diagnosis and why?
Plan: What was your plan for diagnostics and primary diagnosis? What was your plan for treatment and management including alternative therapies?
Reflection notes: What would you do differently in a similar patient evaluation?
Please refer to the Learning Resources in Week 3 for guidance on writing SOAP Notes.
** Write SOAP on adult patient.
Gagan, M. J. (2009). The SOAP format enhances communication. Nursing New Zealand, 15(5),15

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Conduct Remote Moderated Research With UserZoom

Introducing UserZoom’s Moderated Testing Capabilities

While remote unmoderated research is gaining broad adoption, we’ve known for quite some time that moderated UX research projects still account for a majority of our customer’s projects (around 60%, based on customer interviews and product usage). The ability to interact and ask questions right then in the moment generates a tremendous amount of empathy for users, which is why it’s no surprise to us that the methodology still remains popular with researchers, designers, marketers, and product managers.

@UserZoom announces new moderated capability! Unmoderated & Moderated now on one platform to cover all your UX research needs. Click To Tweet

However, due to the nature of moderated testing, typically done in the lab or out in the field, scaling those efforts can be costly and inefficient. This is why we’re absolutely delighted to announce that the ability to conduct remote moderated research studies with UserZoom is out this Wednesday, Jan. 31st!

Moderated & Unmoderated All On One Platform

That’s right – you can now conduct your moderated studies and your unmoderated studies on the same platform! UserZoom is now truly your one-stop-shop for all your UX research needs.

Whether you’re conducting in-person moderated studies in a usability lab, or you’re conducting remote moderated studies with participants from geographically dispersed locations, UserZoom has you covered. You’ll be able to create a moderated usability testing project directly within UserZoom, conduct sessions with an integrated video conferencing solution, and record, store and manage session recordings directly within the study, just to name a few.

Moderated sessions in UserZoom can be a specific script (consistent tasks that all participants go through) or a simple interview or conversation a moderator can conduct with the participants. This is what UX researchers refer to as a combination of structured testing combined with deeper insights generated through unstructured moderation.

As you are performing moderated testing in UserZoom, you are also provided with typical task reports such as success metrics and supporting questionnaire responses. These results are automatically summarized across all of your moderated interviews into a single report.

In addition to task reports, you’re also able to store and manage all video session recordings within UserZoom and have the ability to create clips, make marks and write comments. This makes sharing videos with teammates and stakeholders fast and simple.

Perfect Fit With Your Usability Lab

Usability labs are terrific for conducting moderated studies, but trying to combine your notes, videos, usability metrics, and analytics in one place to be easily shared can be problematic and piecemeal. The UserZoom platform simplifies this by being a single depository for your videos, notes, statistical outcomes and data.

Imagine being able to create a series of tasks and allowing the moderator to make impromptu tweaks to the study, skipping or adding tasks as needed right then and there. Then being able to easily share videos digitally with stakeholders and colleagues, along with notes and observations, without having to manually combine them from disparate sources.

The UserZoom platform makes your usability lab more efficient, and even helps with recruiting participants if necessary. Hard to reach persona that isn’t nearby? Recruit them through IntelliZoom and project the session in the lab.

No Lab? No Problem!

Labs can be quite costly, and for some organizations the cost of a space and equipment are a barrier to entry. To make matters worse, those trying to conduct remote moderated studies on their own have to use several technologies for both moderators and participants, which can lead to frustrating technological issues on both ends.

UserZoom has simplified this as well. No overhead needed for space and no expensive lab equipment – simply recruit your participants, build a study, and off you go. When they join your study they will receive the invitation for the study as well as the audio/camera bridge.

Not only is this easier from a technological standpoint, it’s also cheaper and faster to recruit participants for remote moderated studies where they can join from the comfort of their own space.

Overview of How It Works in UserZoom

While the moderator’s experience in setting up and conducting testing is important, the participant experience in joining and participating in these sessions is equally critical. If the setup is not optimal it might result in wasted time and effort for both parties, which is why we meticulously designed with both in mind.

The Moderator’s experience:

  • Create a Moderated usability test within UserZoom Manager
  • Add time slots depending upon your day/time availability
  • Recruit participants from your list of users
  • Invite them to these sessions via email templates provided by UserZoom
  • Conduct a moderated session using our integrated conferencing solution
  • Record screen, face video and audio as you interact with the participants
  • Either a structured task by task approach or just a conversation with your participants
  • All videos are stored within UserZoom Manager
  • Share these videos or create clips for further insight sharing
  • All metrics and survey responses are captured directly within UserZoom Manager reducing the need for a lot of note-taking

The participant’s experience:

  • Get invited to a moderated session (by the moderator)
  • Install and set conferencing solution
  • Join the session at the confirmed date and time
  • Participate in the moderated session by sharing screen, audio (and sometimes face video
  • Provide feedback on various tasks and question
  • Receive compensation for their time (from the moderator) after the session is completed

Here’s what a few of our customers who saw the beta had to say

“This is a big leap in terms of moderated testing and we can already see how this will cut down on the administrative time required to conduct moderated tests.”

“We were impressed by the strides you’ve made towards creating a robust tool that supports both moderated and unmoderated research.”

Give It A Try!

Want to know how to get started conducting remote moderated studies? Contact us to schedule a demo!

Get a Demo

Already a UserZoom customer? Contact your CSM for information on pricing!

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